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zieds1mazs.gif (257 bytes) Contracts with Tukums Jews

7 Names: Alufs, Balodis, Eichholcs, Finkenšteins, Kirškalns, Sēja, Simsons

Here I am publishing 3 applications for shop premises that Tukums businessmen in the 1930s submitted to the town municipality. Evidently the documents of this kind were kept in a file of the town municipality, until they became available in an old-book shop. As all of them bear revenue stamps, they were priced relatively high and I bought only those that were prepared by Jewish businessmen. If the seller knew Latvian better and recognized that the document were written by Jews, he would have priced the documents even much higher. Fortunately he did not, and I could afford them.

As for the revenue stamps, they were stuck on the document in amount depending on the sum of the deal - in this case of the contract.


1. Leiba Simsons

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The first document is the application of Leiba Simsons to the Municipality of Tukums town for a prolongation of his contract of the rent of premises in Brīvības bulv. 1 to December 31, 1935. The application was written on December 18, 1934, though L.Simsons made a mistake and wrote 1935 instead of 1934.

L.Simsons also asked the Municipality to reduce the rent fee, because he could not pay so much.

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The Municipality agreed to prolong the contract but decided not to decrease the rent fee. The monthly rate was 37 Lats.


2. Leiba Eichholcs

Another Jewish businessman, who applied for the rent of premises, was Leiba Eichholcs (Eichholz), who lived at Pasta str.10, and wanted to prolong the rent of premises in Brīvības square 1 (Praviņkrogā), where he had a tinsmith workshop.

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It could be mentioned that unlike L.Simsons L.Eichholcs had not sufficient skills in Latvian language. It is clear that the application was written by another person, and L.Eichholcs only signed it.


3. Leiba Alufs

Another businessman, who applied for the prolongation of the contract for shop premises, was Leiba Alufs. He wanted to work in his shop for next 3 years. He really was allowed to continue the business and was charged for the premises 1200 Ls yearly or 100 Ls monthly. (My mother as the principal of an elementary school had the salary exactly 100 Ls monthly).

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There were on the previous applications only the names of the officials who subscribed the inscription on the application about the appropriate decision. This application of Alufs bears the original signatures of the officials. The head of the Municipality at that time was Jānis Finkenšteins and he signed the document. In spite of the fact that his name would be good enough for a Jew, he was a Latvian from Irlavas pag., where he was born on April 5, 1892 to Kārlis and Matilde born Kirškalns /EVP/. The members of the Municipality, who signed the inscription above, were J .Balodis and A.Sēja.

The family Alufs was a relatively rich family, though I do not think that the richest family in Tukums. In any case, the Bolsheviks arrested them on June 14, 1941 and deported all this family to Siberia. Here are the names of the family members from the list of the exiled persons /Represētie/:

First name
Father's name
Birth year
When set free
Leiba Izrails 1899 died in a camp 1943
Rahile Isajs 1909 September 15, 1947
Frīda Leibs 1930 June 20, 1946
Betija Braina not mentioned 1933 September 15, 1947


As it is seen, the Aluf's women were set free right after the War, what was not a typical situation, it normally happened 10 years later. I do not know, of course, what was their life in the next years, but it is clear that they survived the War and the Holocaust.


© Comments. Bruno Martuzāns. 1995-2002